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考点解析 初中英语重点短语辨析(anyone any one)



always/ often/ frequently/ often/

usually/ sometimes/ never

Ⅰ. 这几个词都是表频度的副词,它们之间的区别可用百分比来区分:

(0%)→(20%)→ 70%)→(75%)→(100%)

从不 —→ 有时 —→ 时常 —→ 通常 —→ 总是

即:never(0%)→sometimes(20%)→often/frequently(70%)→usually(75%)→always(100%)

Ⅱ always “永远、总是”。与进行时连用时,表“再三地、老是”等意思。有时还表“生气或不耐烦”等盛情色彩。如:

① The sun always rises in the east.

太阳总是从东方升起。

② I always get up at seven o’clock.

我总是在七点钟起身。

③ The boy is always asking whys.

这男孩老是问这问那没个完。

Ⅲ often “时常、常常”强调经常性。如:

① He often comes here to see me. 他时常到这儿来看我。

② We have often been there.

Ⅲ frequently “时常、屡次”常与often 通用。但它强调次数频繁。如:

① Business frequently brings him to Shanghai.

他时常因事到上海去。

② He frequently comes here to see her.

他时常到这儿来看她。

Ⅳ usually “经常”其动作频率仅次于always.常常与一般过时,一般现在时连用。

① I usually get up at six in the morning.

Ⅴ never “从不”是否定副词。常常与完成时连用。

① I have never been to the Great Wall.

② She said she had never gone there.

2

edge / side

Ⅰ.edge侧重于指很窄的 “边缘”, 如刀刃或沿边的一部分.如:

Put some salt on the edge of your plate.

在你的盘子边上放些盐.

Ⅱ.side “边, 旁边” 有时与edge同义,有时指 “(东西的)侧面”, “(一个)方面”, “(身体的)侧边”,如:

3

among/ between/ in the middle of

Ⅰ. among “在……之中/中间” 指三者或三者以上。通常表某个范围。如:

① Someone is wrong among us.

我们中间有人错了。

② There is a small village among the mountains.

大山之间有座小村庄。

Ⅱ. between “在…之间”指在二者之间,有时与and 连用。如:

① There is a river between us.

在我们两人之间有一条河。

② I’m standing between a house and a big tree.

我站在一座房子和一棵大树中间。

Ⅲ. in the middle of “在……中间”指在某事物中间,强调事物的两端的中间。如:

There is a bus stop in the middle of the road.

在这条公路中间有个车站。

4

animal/ beast

Ⅰ. animal “动物” 是区别于植物而言,是动物的总称,通常指兽、鸟、虫、鱼等。如:

① It’s an animal of monkey kind.

这是一种属于猴类的动物。

② The animal is hungry. 这个动物饿了。

Ⅱ. beast “四足动物”通常指不包括爬行动物的较大的四足动物。如:

① The camel is a beast of burden.

骆驼是负重的动物。

② The tiger is a beast of prey. 老虎是猛兽。

5

another/ other/ more

Ⅰ. 名词前表示具有增加意义的“还、再”,一般用 more 和 another. more放在数词之后,而another 放在数词之前;有时也可以用 other, 但other具有“不同”之意。保留它本意“别的”。如:

① one more thing, one other thing, another thing都表示“还有一件事”之意,如:

② I want three more / other books. = I want another three books.我还要三本书。

③ I stayed there three more days. = I stayed there another three days. 我在那儿又呆了三天。(这里不用other, 因day与day没有不同之意。

④ We need three more / another three hands to do the job.我们还需要三个人做这项工作。(这里不用other , 因不强调人与人的不同。)

⑤ He works on the Great Green Wall with many other people. 他与别的许多人一块在绿色长城上工作。( other 没有增加之意,表除自己以外的别的人。)

6

another/ the other/ other/ others/ the others

Ⅰ. another 指不定数目中的“另一个、又一个” (三个以上)用来代替或修饰可数名词。如:

I don’t think the coat is good enough. Can you show me another?

Ⅱ. other 泛指“另外的”修饰复数名词。如:

We study Chinese, maths, English and other subjects.

Ⅲ. others 泛指“另外的人或物”, 但不指其余的人或物的全部。如:

Some like swimming, others like boating.

Ⅳ. the other 指两个中的“另一个”如:

He has two sons, one is in Shanghai, the other is in Beijing.

Ⅴ. the others 特指某一范围内的“其余全部的人或物”如:

There are thirty books on the bookshelf. Five are mine, the others are my father’s.

7

answer/ reply

Ⅰ. answer “回答、答复”。是最普通的用语,包括用口头、书面或行动回答。它可以用作及物动词或不及物动词。如:

① He answered my question.

② It is a difficult question to answer.

这是一个难以回答的问题。

③ Please answer my letter as soon as possible.

④ They left a boy to answer the bell.

他们留下一个孩子应门。

Ⅱ.reply “回答、答复”。但比answer 正式些。它指用口头或书面回答。严格地讲,是指有针对性地详细地回答。它也指用行动回答。Reply 常用作不及物动词,回答某人或某事。后接to; 当它与直接引语或从句连用时,才用作及物动词。如:

① I didn’t reply to him.我没有答复他。

② He replied that he might go. 他回答说他可能去。

8

any/ either

二者所指的相关名词或代词的数量不同。

Ⅰ. any 指二个以上的“任意一个”人/物。如:

When can you go with me to the city?

Any day of this week will do.

什么时候你能陪我去城里?这个星期的哪天都行。

Ⅱ. either 一般指两个中的“任意一个”且其后不能接不可数名词。如:

Can you come on Friday or Saturday?

Either will do .

你能在星期五还是星期六来吗?哪天都行。

9

any/ some

Ⅰ.any “一些、一点、(有时不宜译出)” 一般用于疑问句、否定句。 如:

① Have you any new books? 你有(什么)新书吗?

No, I have not any new books. 我没什么新书。

② Have you any money with you? 你身边带了一些钱吗?

Ⅱ.some “一些、一点” 一般用于肯定句。如:

① I have some new books. 我有一些新书。

[注]:① any用于肯定句中时,表“任何……、随便……”等意思。如You may come atany time. 你随便什么时候来都可以。

②some 用于疑问句时,表“期望得到肯定的回答”或“邀请”或“请求”等意思。通常用在带情态动词的问句是。如:

1. Aren’t there some envelops in that drawer?

那个抽屉不是有些信封吗?

2. Would you have some tea?您喝点茶吗?

10

anyone/ any one

Ⅰ. anyone “任何人”其后不跟of 短语。如:

Is there anyone at home.?

Ⅱ. any one “任何人/物”其后可跟 of 短语。如:

I’ll send you any one of these pens.

[注]:类似的用法还有:everyone & every one